May 26, 2016PrevNext Email Share × Share On: Just like an athlete who’s used to running three days a week may incorporate weight training or swimming into their workouts to increase performance and avoid boredom, cross-training employees is a tactic that small businesses can use to excel.Cross-training simply means that employees are trained to perform multiple functions. It gives a small business owner more flexibility scheduling and organizing their workforce and provides employees with opportunities to learn new skills, improves their value to their employer or a future employer, and keeps them from getting stuck in a rut.When a critical employee falls sick, it’s good to know you have a well-trained staffer who can step in.Cross-training also helps a manager or owner address those thorny issues that arise on the fly. It’s nice to know you can tap a dishwasher to jump in to clear tables when the busser calls in sick or that a person who usually stocks shelves knows how to cashier if –happily for your business–the line of customers begins to snake outside your door.Cross-training can mean an employee will expand their skill base at the same level of responsibility or it can mean they will be trained to take on new skills or responsibilities as needed.The best way to get a measure of whether an employee will embrace cross-training is not to assume, but to ask them. Some workers will welcome the opportunity to learn; others may feel more comfortable staying with what they already know. Some might not wish enhanced responsibilities while others will blossom under the challenge.Introducing the idea of cross training when you interview a potential employee is a good way to gauge their willingness to learn and grow with your company and their flexibility when it comes to learning additional skills or taking on new responsibilities.Cross-training can help your staff uncover talents they never knew they had, build a collaborative feeling among the team, and help your business operate with agility –at the ready to address any situation that may arise.For more information on the benefits of cross-training see Forbes article.Experts say1. Join Associations or Trade GroupsMany industry associations offer training programs for members at annual events, online, and at seminars. Check out your trade association website or newsletter for training opportunities that may be included in your membership.2. Find Trainers Within Your OrganizationGot someone in your organization who has strong communication and interaction skills and the patience to help others learn? Consider appointing them as a trainer. Have them attend classes and come back prepared to share what they’ve learned. You can also buy training materials and use them to equip your trainer3. Host Weekly or Monthly Brown-Bag LunchesThese are a great way for team members to get involved in new things and help educate the wider team about how each employee contributes to the business. Ask employees to come prepared to talk about a topic. You’d be surprised how little the different teams know about what the others do and how it benefits everyone. A sales rep might present an overview on the sales process, and how important each business function and individual is to ensuring a happy customer. An employee who is exploring a new way of doing business can also share it over lunch.4. Use Online Training CoursesOnline courses are a great way for employees to learn at their own pace and select from a wide variety of courses, some of them free or at low-cost. Organizations such as Learning Tree, Dale Carnegie, BizLibrary and the Business Training Institute all offer a large selection of online classes.5. Cross-Train Employees in the WorkplaceThis is common practice in businesses that need an agile workforce ready and equipped to take on other roles should business requirements change. You can do this by looking at different jobs in your organization as hands-on training opportunities for others. Give employees new roles or responsibilities. Have them shadow someone who is already doing these tasks for a few days, until they are ready to try the new role on their own. Rotate roles frequently so your employees are continuously learning and challenged to achieve new things.6. Start a Mentorship ProgramConsider partnering new or less experienced employees with mentors. For example, an up-and-coming sales rep might benefit from sitting in on sales planning sessions or attending important off-site customer meetings with a more senior employee.7. When You Need to Bring in the ProsThese options can all be fulfilled at a low cost, but what if you need to solve very specific problems? You may need to invest in an off-site training program where employees benefit from fewer distractions and an interactive classroom environment. If you are training multiple people, a more cost-effective and timesaving option might be to bring a trainer on-site.Ask other business owners or your local Small Business Development Center or Women’s Business Center about courses and classes that fit your needs and your budget.8. Set Goals and Measure SuccessLastly, before you embark on any training or mentoring program, be specific about what you and your employees want to achieve. Use annual performance reviews to gauge competency gaps as well as your employee’s desired areas of improvement. Then put specific training goals in place for each employee. Let your employees know that you will assess the impact the training has had on their overall job skills and performance on a six-month and annual basis.